A map is a lie. It cannot fully represent the real world simply because it is two-dimensional. Now, what happens if you try and do something about it?
There have of course been many attempts at creating good projections onto a flat surface of, say, a mountainous terrain or the planet as a whole. The most common is the Mercator projection.
That projection “opens up” the polar regions, stretches them, and ultimately exaggerates the size of the countries in North America, Europe and Russia. In doing this, the Mercator projection also creates a visual idea of the importance of these countries, downplaying the countries situated around the Equator. This naturally has political implications.
We have all viewed world maps with a huge island in the north called Greenland. It is not really that big compared to the rest of the world. In the map below Greenland has been placed over the central part of Africa rendering a much smaller island – in line with its real size.
Greenland placed inside central Africa (Click to go to source: The True Size of..)
I made the image above with the help of a very nice, little app. It offers a splendid way of playing with countries: Drag and drop them anywhere on the planet to reveal a different representation of them. You may even group several countries.
Is it possibly to fit China, India and the United States into Africa? Check it out on the web page called “The True Size of..”